Roots of Type 2 diabetes lurk in metabolic abnormalities, triggering concern for many people. Awareness of these irregularities could go a long way in understanding this condition, thus it’s invaluable to identify them.
Insulin resistance presents as a prominent metabolic abnormality related to Type 2 diabetes. This condition denotes body cells’ response to insulin becomes less effective, struggling to absorb glucose from the bloodstream. As a result, pancreas producing insulin in body ups its production to compensate. Over time, this can wear out the pancreas, impairing its ability to produce sufficient insulin.
Another metabolic abnormality found in Type 2 diabetes is dysfunctional beta cells in the pancreas. Beta cells carry the responsibility of insulin production. In individuals with Type 2 diabetes, these cells can become impaired and unable to produce insulin at levels that the body needs for proper glucose metabolism.
Furthermore, an imbalance of glucose production in the liver becomes prevalent in those who develop Type 2 diabetes. In a normal state, liver maintains glucose balance, releasing it when body requires energy, and storing it when glucose levels are high. However, in Type 2 diabetes, this balance gets disrupted, leading to excessive glucose production.
Finally, issues linked to fat metabolism are also noted in relation to Type 2 diabetes. In particular, increased levels of free fatty acids, usually caused by excessive adipose tissue or body fat, can interfere with glucose metabolism, contributing to the development of Type 2 diabetes.
Thus, metabolic irregularities playing key role in the onset of Type 2 diabetes consist of insulin resistance, dysfunctional beta cells, imbalance in liver’s glucose production and problems in fat metabolism. Knowledge of these irregularities can guide towards a better understanding of this complex condition.